In an age where smartphones offer increasingly advanced camera capabilities, the choice between using a smartphone or investing in a dedicated digital camera like a reflex or mirrorless system may seem uncertain. While smartphones offer convenience and portability, dedicated cameras provide unmatched versatility, control, and image quality.

DSLRs (Digital Single-Lens Reflex) and mirrorless cameras feature larger image sensors and superior optics, enabling sharper details, better low-light performance, and wider dynamic range. With interchangeable lenses, they offer creative freedom and fidelity that smartphones struggle to match. Moreover, digital cameras provide extensive manual controls for adjusting settings like aperture, shutter speed, and ISO, crucial for professional-quality images and creative exploration. They excel in capturing fast-action scenes with faster autofocus systems and minimal shutter lag, making them ideal for sports and wildlife photography.

Despite the convenience of smartphones, dedicated cameras remain essential for enthusiasts and professionals seeking uncompromising image quality, versatility, and creative control in their photography pursuits.


Everything starts with the light entering through the lens! When you press the shutter button on a DSLR camera, light enters through the lens. The lens focuses the light onto the camera’s image sensor. The mirror is positioned at a 45-degree angle between the lens and the image sensor. This mirror reflects the incoming light upward into the camera’s pentaprism or pentamirror.

The pentaprism redirects the light to the optical viewfinder (OVF) located at the top of the camera. This allows you to see through the lens and compose your shot optically, giving you a real-time view of the scene. Every time you press the shutter button all the way down to take a photo, the mirror inside the camera quickly flips up out of the way. This allows the light to pass directly through to the camera’s image sensor.

Digital sensor

With the mirror out of the way, the light reaches the image sensor, which is a digital component that converts the light into an electronic signal. The image sensor records the image, capturing the colors and details of the scene. Then, the electronic signal from the image sensor is processed by the camera’s internal processor. The processor applies settings such as white balance, ISO sensitivity, and image compression to the raw data captured by the sensor.

The processed image data is then saved onto a memory card, typically in a format such as JPEG or RAW. This allows you to later transfer the images to a computer or other devices for viewing, editing, and sharing. After the image is captured and saved, the mirror returns to its original position, reflecting light back into the optical viewfinder for composing the next shot.

This process repeats each time you take a photo with a DSLR camera, allowing you to capture high-quality images with precise control over settings and composition.


Despite all the techical aspects, what really make lovable a reflex in my opinion is the mirror.

The mirror reflects light from the lens up into an optical viewfinder, allowing the photographer to see the scene through the lens in real-time. When the shutter button is pressed, the mirror momentarily flips up, allowing light to reach the image sensor or film, capturing the photograph with a fantastic sound:


However, the most important object for you shoots is the lens. In both photography and cinema, it is the essential optical components that capture images by focusing light onto a camera sensor or film plane. They determine crucial aspects of the visual presentation, including perspective, depth of field, and image quality. In both mediums, lenses come in a variety of focal lengths, apertures, and designs, offering photographers and filmmakers a wide range of creative possibilities.

In photography, lenses serve to frame scenes, control focus, and manipulate perspective. They range from wide-angle lenses, which capture expansive views with a broad field of view, to telephoto lenses, which bring distant subjects closer. The choice of lens affects composition, emphasizing certain elements and creating specific visual effects. Photographers often select lenses based on the desired look, focal length requirements, and technical considerations such as aperture size and image stabilization.

In cinema, lenses play a crucial role in storytelling and visual aesthetics. Cinematographers carefully select lenses to achieve the desired mood, style, and narrative impact. Different lenses can evoke distinct emotions and perspectives, influencing how audiences perceive characters and environments. Cinematic lenses are often characterized by their precise manual focus, smooth aperture control, and consistent optical performance across a range of focal lengths. They may also feature specialized coatings and construction to minimize optical distortions and enhance image quality.

Fly to California

Once you buy your reflex you can then travel to California to directly shoot one of the most incredible landscapes that the USA can offer.

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